Week 5 Review by Tanya Patimeteeporn

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Throughout the course of DESMA 9 Art, Science, and Technology, Professor Vesna has discussed art in several topics of science. The broad topic of art and science was introduced to the class by discussing the idea of two cultures and then later a third culture. The two cultures concept basically gives the impression that art and math and the sciences are two different fields of study that don’t collaborate. However, the third culture presents the idea that art and sciences work together in many subjects in the field of math and sciences. The various topics that Professor Vesna has touched upon have shown the integration of these two fields of studies.

In the field of mathematics, concepts such as the golden ratio, the fourth dimension, and spirals were discovered and used in the arts. The golden ratio states that the ratio between the sum of two quantities and the larger quantity is the same as the ratio between the larger quantity and the smaller quantity. Artists use the golden ratio to proportion their artworks. For example, artists use the golden ratio to create the perfect face structure for males and females and musicians integrated the golden ratio in the tone of a music piece. According to mathematics, the fourth dimension is a space that is identified by four spatial dimensions. To picture the fourth dimension, imagine moving a three dimensional object in a three dimensional space. The path way in which you moved the 3D object is the fourth dimension. Artist use the fourth dimension by painting or drawing out the motion paths a 3D object takes. The viewer is able to recognize whether the object was moving to the front or back by examining the motion paths. A spiral is a curve that starts at some point and gets gradually farther away from the point as it circles around the point. Spirals were not only found in math but also in nature. The way a flower blooms, the inside of a nautilus shell, how a tree grows, the human body, etc. Artists use spirals in creating their artworks as well as creating images that are illusions to the eye. For example, one of the artists that was mentioned in lecture, created spirals and set them on a record player. It created an illusion of going into the spiral.

In the field of technology, many programs give more freedom for artists to express their creativity. Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator are great tools to enhance photos taken by the artist as well as create a totally different feel from the original picture. Art is also involved in robotics. For example, the robot shown in lecture was folding extremely small origami cranes. In order for the robot to be programmed to do origami, the creator of the robot had to have some artistic abilities to know precisely how to program the robot to fold origami cranes. Each step in folding cranes has to be well thought out and precise to tell the robot to do origami.

Art is also seen in the human body and medicine. There’s art in this field because it takes creative thinking in the scientific way to make something that reacts with the human body to benefit the body. It’s an art to know which chemicals match together to create a solution to a problem just as it takes artistic abilities to which color mixes well to give a specific color effect in a piece of art. In addition, the art of medicine and the human body is given out to the public just as a work of art is shown to the public. As a whole, these topics signify how sciences and mathematics are integrated in art to create what is known as the third culture.

Art and science inspiring each other

Art and science inspiring each other

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