Week 5: Robots Can Produce Art By Gaurav Bansal

Week one dealt with the separation of society into the two cultures of science and art. Each culture has their own agenda with their own ways of dealing with issues related to their field. The next week covered how mathematics, perspective, time, and space work with the two cultures, mainly the arts. Artists use mathematics frequently in their work, specifically when painting. In order to produce the illusion of depth and perspective in a painting, the line must be drawn in a specific and perfect way; else the piece of art will not make sense to a viewer. The third week explored robotics and how the world we live in today has progress through the industrial age. Robotics is a way that science uses art in their field. One goal of robotics that is apparent in today’s society is to make the robots look as human as possible. In a sense the human body is the epitome of a piece of work because not only was it created; it has the power to create. Also since the human body is so complex, it is an art form alone to be able to replicate the human functions with machines. Lastly, week four covered the human body and medicine. Even though both cultures are very different in a high level sense, they a quite similar when thinking in a much lower level sense. When it comes to the human body, the two cultures are one, we are all human.

The four weeks link together very nicely. The first week shows the two separate groups, art and science, and how they became separated. Then we explore how art uses science in order to progress their field. Similarly the next week shows how science uses art in their field. The last week disregards all the things that make an artist an artist, or a scientist a scientist, and relates them together a low level as possible, humans.

My presentation topic tries to emphasize robotics is a form of art. If art was used in the creation of a robot, does that mean that a robot can produce art? If we take a human as an example, it was created at one point, and now it is the one making art because it is capable of make art. The human body is a very complex piece of art that will take a very long time to replicate, if even possible. However, if we stick to the definition that art is something that is created, and a robot is given the opportunity to create something, be it a performance, then it is performing art.

What some people do not understand is how complicated artificial intelligence programming is, and that is the reason today’s robots act nonhuman like. After a long period of time and development, there will be the technology for robots to have emotions and be adaptable to an environment such that it can produce an “artistic” dance.

Robots and humans are not all that different. Each essentially uses the same brain algorithm of neural nets. This is essentially a giant tree that relates one thing to another. If a robot is programmed with a very complex and complete neural net, it will behave exactly as a human does. The only reason why it is not the case now, is the human neural net is very complicated and with current technology, non replicable.

Extremely Basic Example of a Neural Network

Extremely Basic Example of a Neural Network

http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/~nd/surprise_96/journal/vol4/cs11/report.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9U5_A4eNzCE

There is not that big a difference between robot technology and humans as some people think, and I believe if both are given an equal and fair opportunity to produce a piece of art, and have it reviewed without bias, both pieces will be considered art.

By Gaurav Bansal

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