Week 2_The Fourth Dimension

Nowhere do art and science come into play more than in painting; considering aspects of geometry, perspective, and perception, mathematics and science are some of the greatest considerations made by artists. Henderson describes artists making the leap into the fourth dimension, freeing themselves from the confines upon them for centuries. Calling the fourth dimension “a symbol of liberation for artists,” this aspect of painting combined the scientific and mathematical backgrounds required to create such a viewpoint with the artistic skill needed to adapt this knowledge to the canvas (205).

With the implementation of science into art, the presence of the fourth dimension paved the way for the creation of abstract art. The fourth dimension gradually made its way into other art forms; artists working in literature and music found themselves experimenting with new kinds of language and methods, creating art that was altogether innovative and unique. Sculpture progressed from traditional forms, to hollow forms, to open forms, and finally to the clearest way to represent the fourth dimension: cosmic art. Taking into account a different phase of matter altogether, sculptures were pulverized, taking on a new form: a gaseous state. Artists using cosmic art to present their works had truly implemented the ideas of science, embodying the fourth dimension throughout (206).

Henderson, Linda Dalrymple. “The Fourth Dimension and Non-
Euclidian Geometry in Modern Art: Conclusion.”

- Junki Chae

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