Math is everywhere, it is in everything, and it is used every day; therefore it is not mystery that math and art go hand in hand. As it was expressed in lecture math plays many parts in art especially with the concept of zero, perspective, the Golden Ration, and dimensionality. Mathematics is used by artist and scientist alike to further expand their perspective of life.

A very important mathematical and scientific feat, thought of by Albert Einstein that greatly affected the artistic world is that of the fourth dimension; this idea as expressed in “The Fourth Dimension” was a “liberation for artist.” The Fourth dimension allowed artist to move away from basic linear and realistic drawing done on canvas and it moved them into more of sculpting and physical art forms. The idea of the fourth dimension allowed artist to elaborate on things they believed belonged in the fourth dimension such as: gravity, non-gravity, spiral, airlessness, synthetic forms, shadows, mirrors, and etcetera. The fourth dimension is expressed in various art forms such as writing and sculpting. Writers such as H.G. Wells, Edwin Abbot, and Charles Hitton dabbled with the Fourth dimension. H.G. Wells’s *The Invisible Man *and Charles Hitton’s writings are the best expressions of the idea of the Fourth Dimension. The fourth dimension is also expressed in paintings and sculpting. Kazimir Malevich’s “Suprematism: Soccer player in fourth dimension” is a painting of various different color squares in which one is looking at a soccer player (in all honesty I don’t see it but it’s a good example because he was one of the founding artist). Moreover Adam Chou’s “Fourth Dimension” is a stone nose looking sculpture that is different in every single direction you see it and that is supposed to represent the fourth dimension. Einstein’s theory of relativity translated into the fourth dimension which greatly impacted the artistic and scientific world; however there were other discoveries that helped the artistic world develop new artwork.

The Golden Ration and the number or non-number zero. The Golden Ratio can be expressed as 1.6180339887498948482 or as phi. The Golden ratio is a natural ratio that is seen in nature and is the most appealing to the eye. Because the golden ratio is the most appealing to the eye it has been naturally included in art. In architecture the golden mean has served to make the Parthenon in Athens and even the great pyramids of Egypt by creating structurally and decorative proportions of these structures. Moreover, the Golden Mean has been used in some of the most famous paintings of all time such as “Dance at Bougivial” by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, or “House of Parliament” by Monet, and Salvador Dali’s “Persistence of Memory.” Not only is the Golden Ration a revolutionary mathematical concept for art but so is the number zero. The number zero is a fairly new number considering it was just taken into consideration in the sixteen hundreds but in the beginning when it was just becoming well known artist considered this number a new art project. The idea of zero is very similar to infinity and sometimes they are even used interchangeably by people, therefore Helaman Ferguson took this knowledge and created this sculpture “Zero to Infinity in Nothing Flat.” Moreover, this new art of Fractals also considers the number zero in its makings as is expressed by Pollock’s Fractals. The Golden Ratio and Zero are two well known mathematical concepts that are amazingly being mixed into art when it would seem that neither should blend together.

Math is a subject that relates to almost everything in the world, but what is more amazing that this subject can be translated into beautiful art work when it is mere logic and patterns. The idea of the Fourth dimension, the Golden Ratio, and Zero are all very strong influences for art work of various different forms such as architecture, literature, painting, and sculpting. This just goes to show that two things such as water and oil can mix.

Dafne Luna